Find out about Alabama facts and information in this post. The state of Alabama is located in the southeastern region of the United States and bordered by Georgia to the east, west Mississippi, north Tennessee, and to the south the Gulf of Mexico.
There are lots of things to know about Alabama and before we go into the main facts and information, let’s look at the brief history of Alabama.
Before the arrival of the Europeans, Alabama was originally inhabited by different indigenous people including the Chickasaw, Cherokee, Muskogee, Creek, Koasati, and the Choctaw.
The name Alabama was derived from a combination of two Choctaw words “Alba” which means vegetation or plants and “Amo” which means gatherer or picker.
Spanish explorers were the first to arrive at Mobile Bay in 1519 and the territory was visited again by Hernando de Soto in 1540. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was set up by the French in 1702 at Old Mobile.
The British later gained control of the area by the Treaty of Paris in 1763 but had to give up almost all the Alabama region to the United States and Spain after the American Revolution.
In 1813, the U.S. claimed Mobile as part of the Lousiana Purchase of 1803, drove out the Spanish out of the area, and established authority throughout the state.
General Andrew Jackson caused a decisive defeat on the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814.
In February 1861, the Confederacy was founded at Montgomery, and for a while, Montgomery was the Confederate capital.
The subsequent arrival of the Europeans and the institution of the cotton economy caused a fast removal of the indigenous people to the west.
The Creek cession of 1832 ended the claims of Native Americans to territorial rights in Alabama. Though some Creeks remain in the southern region of Alabama, most descendants of the state’s original inhabitants live in Oklahoma.
Alabama State Facts
- Located in the southeastern region of the U.S.
- Alabama was organized as a territory on March 3, 1817
- Entered Union on December 14, 1819, became the 22nd State of the United States.
- Alabama is the 30th largest state by area
- Alabama is known for its iron and steel natural resources, Southern hospitality, sweet tea, and football.
- Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, Cotton State, and Heart of Dixie.
- State Abbreviation/Postal Code Abbreviation – AL
- Alabama Capital – Montgomery
- Alabama Population – about 5 million
- Website: alabama.gov
- Alabama Residents are called Alabamans or Alabamians
- Largest Cities – Birmingham, Montgomery, Huntsville, Mobile, Tuscaloosa, Dothan, Hoover, Auburn, Madison, and Decatur.
- Largest Metro Area – Greater Birmingham
- Main Industries – Automotive, IT, Aerospace, Chemicals, and Forestry.
- Area Codes – 205, 251, 256, 334, and 938
- State flower – Camelia
- State soil – Bama
- Alabama official state Bird – Northern Flicker
- Alabama state tree – Longleaf Pine
- State Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)
- Huntsville, Alabama NASA Marshall Space Flight Center built the first rocket that put humans on the moon.
- In 1836, the state of Alabama became the first state in the United States to recognize Christmas as an official holiday.
- Alabama is the first state in the United States to celebrate Veteran’s Day, with the first Veteran’s Day Parade which took place in Birmingham in 1947.
- The state’s constitution has more than 300,000 words and more than 775 amendments – making it the longest state constitution and the most amended state constitution in the world.
- Alabama is home to the U.S. largest snail population.
- Magnolia Springs in Alabama is the only city in the U.S. where mails are only delivered by boat.
Geography Of Alabama
Alabama is the 30th largest state in the U.S. with 52,419 sq miles of the total area which 3.2 percent of the area is water making the state 23rd in the amount of surface water and giving it the 2nd largest inland waterway system in the U.S.
Three-fifth of the land area is a gentle plain with a general descent towards the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River.
The North region of Alabama is mostly mountainous with the Tennessee River cutting a large valley and creating several creeks, rivers, streams, lakes, and mountains.
The state of Alabama is bordered by the states Georgia to the east, Mississippi to the west, Tennessee to the north, and Florida to the south. It has coastline at the Gulf of Mexico, in the furthest southern edge of the state.
Alabama ranges in elevation from sea level at Mobile Bay to about half a mile in the northeast, to wit Mt.Cheaha at 2,413 feet.
Alabama has 22 million acres of forest or 67% of the total land area. The largest county in the state in both land area and water area is the Baldwin County.
The areas in Alabama administered by the National Park Service are;
- Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
- Little River Canyon National Preserve
- Russell Cave National Monument
- Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site
- Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
The state has four National Forests and they are:
- William B. Bankhead
Notable National wonders in Alabama
Notable national wonders in Alabama include;
- The National Bridge Rock – the longest natural bridge east of the Rockies located south of Haleyville.
- Cathedral Caverns – features one of the longest cave entrances and stalagmites in the world. It is located in Marshall County
- Ecor Rouge – the highest coastline point between Maine and Mexico located in Fairhope.
- Dismals Canyon – Home of two waterfalls, six natural bridges and said to have served as a hideout for legendary outlaw Jesse James. It is located near Phil Campbell.
- DeSoto Caverns – the first official recorded cave in the U.S. located in Childersburg.
- Noccalula Falls – a 90-foot waterfall located in Gadsden
- Little River Canyon – one of the longest mountaintop rivers in the United States. It is located near Fort Payne.
- Stephens Gap Cave – has a 143-foot pit, two waterfalls, and one of the most photographed wild cave scenes in America. It is located in Jackson County.
- Rickwood Caverns – has an underground pool, a blind cavefish, and 260 million-year-old limestone formations. Located near Warrior.
The Wetumpka Crater is the site of the greatest natural disaster in Alabama. It is a 5-mile wide meteorite impact crater located in Elmore County north of Montgomery. It was said to have been hit by a 1,000-foot wide meteorite about 80 million years ago.
Climate of Alabama
Alabama’s climate is classified as humid subtropical under the Koppen Climate Classification. The average yearly temperature is 64 degrees Fahrenheit.
The temperature tends to be warmer in the southern region of the state with its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico. The northern parts tend to be slightly cooler especially in the Appalachian Mountains in the northeast.
Alabama generally, has very hot summers and mild winters with abundant precipitation throughout the year. The state of Alabama gets an average of 56 inches (1,400) of rainfall yearly and employs a long-growing season of about 300 days in the southern parts of the state.
Summers in Alabama are among the hottest in the nation with high temperatures averaging over 32 degrees Celcius throughout the summer in some regions of the state.
The state is prone to tropical storms and even hurricanes and some parts of the state especially those far away from the Gulf are not immune to the effects of the storms which often dump immense amounts of rain as they move inland and weaken.
The state of Alabama has invested a lot in education, aerospace, healthcare, banking, and other heavy industries like automobile, manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel production, and fabrication.
By 2006, Food and Animal production in the state was valued at $1.5 billion prior to the primarily agricultural economy of the previous century, this was only about 1% of Alabama’s GDP.
The Gross Domestic Product of Alabama as of 2019 was 202.94 billion.
The top five industries in Alabama are;
Other industries inlcude
- Tourism and Entertainment
- and much more
Attraction Sites in Alabama
- United States Space and Rocket Center – located in Huntsville, AL
- Birmingham Civil Rights Institute and the Civil Rights Historic District – located in Birmingham, Alabama
- USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park – located in Mobile, Alabama
- Civil Rights Memorials of Montgomery
- Gulf State Park – located in Gulf Shores, AL
- Birmingham Zoo
- Montgomery Civil Rights Landmarks
- McWane Science Center – located in Birmingham, AL
- Frank Lloyd Wright Rosenbaum House Museum – located in Florence, Alabama
- William C. Handy Home and Museum – located in Florence, Alabama
- Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum – located in Birmingham, Alabama
- National Voting Rights Museum and Institute – located in Selma, AL
- Birmingham Museum of Art
- The University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa
- Mobile Bay – located in Mobile, Alabama
- Huntsville Botanical Garden
- Point Mallard Park – located in Decatur, Alabama
- Montgomery Zoo
- Adventure Theme Park – located in Dothan, Alabama
Native American Tribes of Alabama
The following are the Native American tribes in Alabama;
- Alabama People
- Cherokee Tribe of Northeast Alabama
- Cher-o-Creek Intra Tribal Indians
- Chatot People
- Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama
- Eufaula People
- Fus-hatchee Tribe
- Ma-Chis Lower Creek Indian Tribe
- MOWA Band of Choctaw Indians
- Pensacola people
- Piqua Shawnee Tribe
- Poarch Band of Creek Indians
- Star Clan of Muscogee Creeks
- Tawas People
- United Cherokee Ani-Yun-Wiya Nation
- Hank Aaron – Baseball Player
- William.C. Handy – Composer
- Tallulah Bankhead – Actress
- Lionel Richie – Musician
- Mia Hamm – Soccer Player
- Courtney Cox – Actress
- Coretta Scott king – Civil Rights Leader
- Harper Lee – writer
- Channing Tatum – Actor
- Helen Keller – Author and Activist
- Rosa Parks – Civil Rights Activist
- Nat “King” Cole – Entertainer
- Terrell Owens – Football Player
- Carl Lewis – Athlete
There you have it, some of the most important Alabama facts and information you need to know. The Yellowhammer State is a great state with lots of achievements, a place of natural wonders, attraction sites, and a good place to visit or stay with family.
Frequently Asked Questions
Aside from the facts mentioned in the above post, here are other awesome facts about Alabama.
1. The state used to be covered by grassland
2. Rosa parks also called the mother of the civil rights movement started a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to a white man
3. The state is home to the largest cast-iron statue in the world
4. Alabama’s first permanent state capital Cahawba also known as Cahaba is now a ghost town
5. The most religious state in the United States is Alabama
6. Alabama is the first place to invent operational windshield wipers
7. Alabama is the first state to have an aviation school in the U.S.
8. The first 911 call in the U.S. was made in Alabama
9. It is illegal in Alabama to purchase, sell, possess, or train a bear for bear wrestling.
10. It is the only state in the United States to have an alcoholic beverage as its official drink known as the Conecuh Ridge Whiskey but officially called Clyde May’s Alabama Style Whiskey.
Alabama was originally inhabited by Native American tribes including the Cherokee, Muskogee, Choctaw, the Creek, and the Chickasaw tribes.
The Poarch Creeks Indians were not removed from their tribal lands after the Europen settled in Alabama and have lived together for over 200 years in and around the reservation in Poarch, Alabama.
The main industries in Alabama are;
On December 2, 1865, the state ratified the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution to abolish slavery.
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