labor and delivery nurse job description

A registered nurse with specialized training in labor and delivery cares for and supports women during childbirth. To ensure a baby is delivered safely and in good health, they collaborate closely with obstetricians and other medical experts.

The labor and delivery nurses are in charge of keeping track of the mother and the baby’s vital signs, giving medications, and giving the mother and her family emotional support. During the postpartum period, they also provide new mothers with education and support.

A labor and delivery nurse may perform a variety of duties, such as the following:

  • observing the heart rate and contractions of the fetus
  • administering painkillers, including epidurals
  • helping with medical procedures like performing cesarean sections or inducing labor
  • Providing mothers and families with emotional support, including counseling and education
  • checking the mother’s and baby’s vital signs, including their blood pressure and temperatures
  • helping with the newborn’s initial care and evaluation.

One must first complete a nursing program and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) to become a registered nurse before becoming a labor and delivery nurse (RN). After that, they must complete additional training to become certified as labor and delivery nurses.

Labor and Nurse Job Description

A labor and delivery nurse’s job description typically includes a broad range of duties related to the support and care of women during labor, childbirth, and the postpartum period. A labor and delivery nurse may be responsible for performing such important tasks as:

  • Setting up the birthing space, inspecting the supplies and equipment, and reviewing the mother’s medical background and birth plan are all parts of preparing for labor and delivery.
  • Monitoring of maternal and fetal health: The nurse will keep a close eye on the mother’s vital signs, including her blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature, as well as the fetal heart rate and contractions, during labor and delivery.
  • Medication administration and pain relief: The nurse may be in charge of giving patients medication to reduce their pain and hasten the progress of labor. This could involve using narcotics, epidurals, or other painkillers.
  • Assisting with medical procedures: In some circumstances, it might be necessary to use medical interventions to help with the delivery of the baby. The nurse might help with procedures like forceps or vacuum extraction, performing cesarean sections, or starting labor.
  • Giving emotional support: The labor and delivery nurse is crucial in giving the mother and her family emotional support. Giving advice and instruction on childbirth, breastfeeding, and postpartum care may fall under this category.
  • Monitoring the postpartum period: Following delivery, the nurse will keep an eye out for any complications and help with the newborn’s initial evaluations and care.
  • Keeping accurate records of the mother and child’s medical history, vital signs, medications, and procedures is the responsibility of the labor and delivery nurse.
  • Collaboration with other healthcare providers: To ensure the baby is delivered safely and healthily, the nurse will work closely with obstetricians, midwives, and other healthcare providers.

The care and support of women during childbirth is crucially dependent on the labor and delivery nurse. A high level of skill, knowledge, and compassion is necessary for this demanding and difficult position. For those who are passionate about supporting mothers and infants during this crucial stage of their lives, it can be a very rewarding career.

Labor and Nurse Job Description Template

Job Title: Labor and Delivery Nurse

Job description: 

To join our team, we are looking for a compassionate and highly skilled labor and delivery nurse. To deliver high-quality patient care in the labor and delivery unit, the ideal candidate should have excellent communication and critical thinking abilities. In your role as a labor and delivery nurse, you will give both mother and child the expert care they need to have a safe and satisfying delivery.


  • Collaborate with physicians and other healthcare professionals to provide excellent patient care during labor and delivery
  • Monitor fetal heart rates and maternal vital signs during labor
  • Administer medications and assist with pain management
  • Assist with fetal monitoring, labor induction, and vaginal deliveries
  • Provide education and support to new parents on topics such as breastfeeding, infant care, and postpartum care
  • Evaluate and assess the mother and baby after delivery, and identify any potential issues or complications
  • Monitor and care for newborns in the first few hours of life, including administering medications and conducting assessments
  • Participate in interdisciplinary rounds and collaborate with other healthcare professionals to develop patient care plans
  • Maintain accurate and complete patient records and document all care provided


  • Current RN license in good standing
  • BSN or MSN degree from an accredited institution
  • Minimum of 2 years of experience in labor and delivery nursing
  • Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) certification
  • NRP certification preferred
  • Excellent communication and critical thinking skills
  • Ability to work in a fast-paced and high-pressure environment
  • Flexibility to work varying shifts, including nights, weekends, and holidays
  • Ability to work effectively in a team environment and collaborate with other healthcare professionals

Physical Requirements:

  • Ability to stand for extended periods of time
  • Ability to lift and move patients and equipment as needed
  • Ability to bend, stoop, and kneel as needed
  • Ability to wear personal protective equipment (PPE) as required

This job description is not intended to be all-inclusive. The employee may be required to perform other duties as assigned by their supervisor.


A nurse with a focus on providing care to women and new mothers during labor, delivery, and the postpartum period is known as a labor and delivery nurse. To make sure that both the mother and the baby have a safe and satisfying delivery, they collaborate closely with doctors and other healthcare professionals.

Monitoring fetal heart rates and maternal vital signs is one of the responsibilities. Others include giving medications and managing pain, helping with labor induction and vaginal deliveries, instructing new parents, assessing the mother and child after delivery, and keeping accurate patient records.

A valid RN license, a BSN or MSN degree, BLS and ACLS certification, and at least two years of experience in labor and delivery nursing are typically necessary. Success in this position requires the ability to work in a fast-paced, high-pressure environment as well as strong communication and critical thinking abilities.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the highest-paid labor and delivery nurse?

The level of education, experience, location, and the particular employer are just a few of the variables that can affect a labor and delivery nurse’s pay. As of May 2020, the median annual wage for registered nurses, including those who assist with labor and delivery, was $75,330, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, it’s important to keep in mind that depending on their credentials and experience, some labor and delivery nurses may be paid more.

The average wage for labor and delivery nurses with advanced degrees, such as a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP), may be higher than that of a nurse with only a Bachelor’s degree. Additionally, labor and delivery nurses employed by larger hospitals or healthcare organizations, high-demand regions

What is the role of the nurse during labor and delivery?

To spot any changes in the baby’s health, keep an eye on the mother’s vital signs, such as her blood pressure, pulse, and temperature, as well as the fetal heart rate.

Support, encouragement, and education about various pain management methods, such as breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and epidural anesthesia, can help the mother manage pain and discomfort during labor.

assist the doctor or midwife during procedures like medication administration, labor induction, and vaginal birth.

Keep an eye out for any complications in the mother, such as bleeding, infection, or fetal distress, and alert the doctor or midwife if anything goes wrong.

By guiding the mother through pushing and breathing exercises and encouraging her to maintain her composure and focus, you can help the mother get ready for delivery.

Following delivery, keep an eye on the infant to evaluate their health and make sure they are adjusting to life outside the womb successfully.

Inform the mother and her family about postpartum recovery, breastfeeding, and newborn care, and offer ongoing support as necessary.

In order to make sure that the patient’s needs are being met, collaborate with other members of the healthcare team and record every act of care given in the patient’s medical file.

How hard is labor and delivery nursing?

A physically and emotionally taxing specialty in nursing is labor and delivery nursing. It necessitates a high level of expertise, critical thinking, attention to detail, and the capacity to function effectively under pressure and in a fast-paced environment. Among the difficulties labor and delivery nurses might experience are the following:

Long shifts: Labor and delivery nurses frequently work extended shifts, sometimes even overnight shifts, and they may also be required to be on call.

High stress: The environment in which labor and delivery nurses work is one of high stress because they must be ready to handle unforeseen emergencies and react quickly to changes in the mother’s or baby’s condition.

How long does it take to become a labor and delivery nurse?

The typical requirements for becoming a labor and delivery nurse include finishing a nursing program, getting a nursing license, gaining obstetrics experience, and completing additional labor and delivery training. The amount of time it takes to become a labor and delivery nurse can differ depending on a number of variables, including the educational path selected, the particular requirements of the state in which you plan to practice, and how long it takes to gain experience and finish additional training.

Is labor and delivery nurse stressful?

Because it involves providing care for women and newborns during an emotionally and physically taxing time, working as a labor and delivery nurse can be a demanding and stressful job. During labor, delivery, and the immediate postpartum period, labor and delivery nurses are in charge of providing medical care, emotional support, and education to women and their families. Additionally, they might assist in supporting and educating new parents as well as caring for infants.



Click to rate this post!
[Total: 0 Average: 0]