cv vs. resume

What are CVs and resumes?

Critical differences between CVs and resumes, and when to use them.

While applying for a job, a person’s academic, professional, and personal information is listed in a CV or resume. These ought to highlight your strengths and credentials, but they are not identical. In general, the length, material presented, and situations in which each is utilized for varies between CVs and resumes.

What is a CV

A Curriculum Vitae, often known as a CV, is a comprehensive document that details your professional and academic experiences and qualifications in the United States and Canada. A CV normally contains information on your academic and research history, and is typically 2 to 3 pages long, however it may extend to over 10 pages when necessary.

Your CV will include information about your schooling, work experience, publications, accolades, awards, and other accomplishments. Every time you achieve anything new, whether academically or professionally, it should be updated. A CV is organized chronologically, beginning with your school experiences, and has several parts but no bullet points, providing a thorough summary of your professional history.

Your CV should be a comprehensive overview of your professional and academic background, with a stronger focus on credentials like schooling and certificates than on talents.

What should be in a CV?

  • Contact details.
  • Personal statement or professional profile
  • Professional background, such as academic positions, teaching experience, employment history, research/lab experience, or graduate fieldwork
  • Educational background, including certifications and degrees.
  • Linguistic abilities.
  • Publications, including novels and scholarly articles.
  • Honors and awards.
  • Both scholarships and grants.
  • Conferences.
  • Extracurricular activities.
  • Memberships.
  • References.

There may be items in your CV that are not mentioned here or that are listed here but are not in your CV. It’s crucial to note that your CV should include all pertinent information about your professional, academic, and employment history.

For further info, see our guide to creating a CV.

When should a CV be used?

In the United States, CVs are typically submitted with job applications for employment in academia, education, science, medicine, or research, as well as for grants for fellowships or research. In essence, a CV is necessary for a job that requests extensive information about your educational background. A CV is further required for some employment abroad.


A resume’s definition

A resume is a one-page document that can be as long as two pages, giving a succinct overview of your work history, relevant abilities, and job-specific qualities. A resume should include a skills section that is pertinent to the position you are seeking for and should place more emphasis on work history than academic achievement.

Your resume is customized for the job you’re applying for. They are highly individualized and contain just the training, expertise, work history, and certifications necessary for the job. Competency-based resumes place a strong emphasis on how your talents may be applied to the position you’re looking for.

When applying for a job, a resume is frequently sent together with a cover letter that elaborates on the qualifications outlined in the resume.

There are several resume formats with various functions, such as:

  • Chronological 
  • Functional
  • Combination
  • Targeted

What information ought to include in a resume?

  • Your name and e-mail address.
  • A resume aim or summary.
  • Professional background.
  • Education.
  • Skills.
  • Other elements, such as courses completed, prizes, and certificates.

For further details, view our guide to creating a resume.

When ought a resume to be used?

In the United States and Canada, resumes are sent with every job application.


Key Differences Between CVs and Resumes:

A detailed document.A brief summary.
No length limit.Typically 1 to 2 pages long.
A static document.A customizable document depending on the job being applied to.
Overview of my academic and professional history in chronological order.only emphasizes background and abilities relevant to the job.
used when submitting applications for academic-based jobs or opportunities.Used when applying for any job.
Should always be updated with fresh accomplishments, lengthening with time.Should only be modified to fit it for certain assignments, so it always stays between one and two pages long.

International CV and resume variations

There is a clear distinction between a resume and a CV only in the United States and Canada. Both “resume” and “CV” are essentially the same as the American resume in other countries.

A CV is often understood in the majority of Europe to be a concise application letter for a particular position. In other ways, it is comparable to the American resume. They seldom ever use the word “resume.” A CV is typically referred to as an “academic CV” if it is necessary for academic reasons.

The terms “resume” and “CV” are interchangeable in India and South Africa, and refer to the same thing: a concise, one- to two-page document that is comparable to an American resume.

Depending on the nation, these CVs may have different information, but they often include images, marital status information, and wage details.

A resume normally has one page in Australia and New Zealand, but a CV usually has two to three pages. Both, however, will emphasize work experience and be utilized when applying for positions.

The term “biodata” is used in South Asia. This document contains additional in-depth biographical information about the author, such as the author’s gender, race, date of birth, marital status, and income. Nonetheless, recruiters in these regions could want a CV or resume from overseas candidates; in this case, an American-style resume should be utilized.

Use the American resume format when submitting an application for a position abroad, and if asked for more information, do so.



When ought a resume to be used?

In the United States and Canada, resumes are sent with every job application.

Should I say CV or resume?

Depending on what you plan to use it for. A resume is a succinct review of your general work experience and qualifications, but a CV is a comprehensive document that offers a chronological picture of your academic and professional background.

What exactly is a CV form?

A Curriculum Vitae, often known as a CV, is a thorough document that lists your qualifications and professional and academic experiences. A CV normally contains information on your academic and research history, and is typically 2 to 3 pages long, however it may extend to over 10 pages when necessary.

Why is CV capitalized?

Curriculum Vitae, which stands for “course of life” in Latin, is referred to as CV. Whenever a job posting requests a CV, the recruiter anticipates seeing a chronological summary of your professional and academic background.

Is a resume an acceptable substitute for a CV?

Depending on the position for which you are applying. While CVs are often used to apply for academic employment, scholarships, or grants, resumes are typically used to apply for any job.

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